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COMPETING FOR BACHELOR’S DEGREES: ARE COMMUNITY COLLEGES CUTTING INTO THE MARKET SHARE OF FOUR-YEAR INSTITUTIONS?
Draft Date: 09/03/2018
With: Justin Ortagus (UF) & Jackie Donnovan (UF)
To address local workforce needs and expand access to affordable bachelor’s degrees, a number of states have allowed community colleges to offer bachelor's degree programs. Despite concerns that community college baccalaureate (CCB) degree programs will cut into the market share of four-year institutions, extant literature has yet to examine the impact of CCBs on the bachelor's degree production of four-year institutions. Using program-level data, this study shows the presence of a local CCB program has a positive effect on bachelor's degree production of nearby public four-year institutions but negatively impacts bachelor's degree production at for-profit four-year institutions. Findings represent the first comprehensive evaluation of the impact of CCB degree programs on neighboring four-year institutions.
THE IMPACT OF NO-LOAN PROGRAM PARTICIPATION ON THE LIKELIHOOD OF GRADUATE SCHOOL ENROLLMENT AMONG LOW-INCOME, FIRST-GENERATION STUDENTS
Draft Date: 08/07/2018
With: Justin Ortagus (UF)
To counter the rising costs of higher education, a growing number of colleges and universities have turned to no-loan programs to provide financial assistance to their most-needy applicants. No-loan programs in higher education are designed to increase access for students from disadvantaged socioeconomic backgrounds, but we know very little about the extent to which no-loan programs affect students after they enroll and eventually graduate from college. This study examines the impact of no-loan program participation on graduate school enrollment by leveraging a unique institutional data set and employing a regression discontinuity approach. Results from this study indicate a positive and statistically significant effect of no-loan program participation on graduate school enrollment among low-income and first-generation students.
SHOW ME THE MONEY: IMPACT OF NCAA’S STUDENT-ATHLETE ALLOWANCE POLICY ON COST OF ATTENDANCE ESTIMATES
Draft Date: 05/24/2018
With: Robert Kelchen (Seton Hall) & Jiayao Wu (UF)
In 2015, the largest and most powerful college athletics programs in the United States voted to allow student-athletes to receive scholarships that included an allowance for miscellaneous expenses such as laundry and transportation, which allowed athletic scholarships to cover the full cost of attendance for the first time. Using generalized difference-in-differences and difference-in-differences-in-differences framework to compare NCAA Division I institutions to other nonadopting colleges, we found that colleges in the five most powerful athletic conferences significantly increased allowances for both miscellaneous expenses and textbooks/supplies. As these allowances were increased for all students and not just athletes, there are potential implications for perceived affordability, college choice, and student debt burdens.
THE EFFECT OF GOVERNOR PARTY AFFILIATION ON PUBLIC SUPPORT FOR HIGHER EDUCATION: A REGRESSION DISCONTINUITY APPROACH
Draft Date: 06/28/2017
The higher education, political science, and economic literature bases have identified state governors as the primary actors regarding state spending priorities and their overall policy agenda (Barrilleaux & Berkman, 2003; Beyle, 1996; Hendrick & Garand, 1991). Following declines in state appropriations, higher education scholars have become increasingly interested in the roles of political influences and external stakeholders with respect to the funding of higher education (Archibald & Feldman, 2006; McLendon et. al., 2009; Tandberg, 2010). By capitalizing on close election results, this study goes beyond previous descriptive findings and generates causal estimates related to the influence of gubernatorial party affiliation on state support for higher education. We add further nuance by examining the extent to which state adoption of performance-based funding serves as a potential confounder of governors’ ability to support higher education. Overall, the results from our study indicate that Democratic governors provide significantly more financial support to public colleges and universities. Democratic governors not facing the constraints of performance-funding policies increased state general funding expenditures (primary source of state appropriations), while Democratic governors in states with performance based funding increased non-general fund support for higher education.
A HOPE FOR STUDY ABROAD: EVIDENCE FROM TENNESSEE ON THE IMPACT OF MERIT-AID POLICY ADOPTION ON STUDY ABROAD PARTICIPATION
Draft Date: 08/27/2018
With: Jiayao Wu (UF)
Two distinct literature bases exist documenting the benefits of study aboard participation and state-adopted merit-aid policies. However, none, to date, have estimated the impact of merit-aid adoption on study abroad participation. Results from our study demonstrate the potential positive externality merit-aid policy adoption has on study abroad participation.